ELLINA ELIZABETH (Head of the History Department)


University of London, UK



BA (Hons) History, University of Manchester, UK

MA European Politics, University of Leeds, UK

MSc. Business with IT, University of Salford, UK



Bachelors of Environmental Science and Business Management, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia

Masters of Business Administration, University of Nicosia, Cyprus



BA Modern History and Politics, University of Essex, UK

MA History, University of Warwick, UK


ZENONOS CHAROULLA (Government and Politics)

BA, Middlesex University

BA, London Guildhall University

MA, Kings College University, UK



MSc in Geophysical Hazards

University College London (UCL)

BSc in Environmental Science

Hawaii Pacific University (HPU)



MA Geography

University of St Andrews, UK





Grades 1, 2, 3: In grades one to three, the course is concerned with geographical skills and ideas and guides the students into a deeper understanding of the geography of wider areas. Students are encouraged to look at global issues such as resource conservation, climate, population growth and alternative forms of energy. Development of practical skills and field trips are also part of the syllabus.

Grades 4 & 5 (elective): The course follows the Edexcel IGCSE prescription of coverage of themes such as the natural environment; resources and production; population and settlement, as well as the related topics of globalization, human welfare and sustainability. Fieldwork studies, the results of which will be used to support content, will be an important feature of the course.

Grade 6 & 7 (elective): The course follows the GCE AS and A2 modular examination set by Edexcel. The AS syllabus (Grade 6), includes topics from both the Physical and Human sectors of Geography such as Tectonic Processes and Hazards, Coastal Landscapes and Change, Globalisation, Urbanisation and Diverse Places. The students are also required to attend a fieldtrip organized by the school to cover the ‘Independent Investigation’ requirements set by Edexcel for the Geography GCE AS. In Grade 7, students follow the GCE A2 syllabus set by Edexcel in which they cover topics such as The Water Cycle and Water Insecurity, The Carbon Cycle and Energy Security, Superpowers and Global Development and Connections. Students in Grade 7 also have to attend a field-trip organized by the school to cover the requirements on ‘Synoptic Investigation’ set by Edexcel for GCE A2 Geography.



Grade 1: In the beginning of the year there is special focus given on developing specific historical skills e.g. timelines, chronological order, anachronisms, primary and secondary evidence, and the concepts of change and continuity. The main topic taught in grade 1 is about the Roman world. Students will discover how Rome changed from a republic to an empire, examine reasons for the prowess of the Roman army, study key individuals like Julius Caesar and Augustus, find out about family life, religion and the use of slavery and finally understand the empire’s decline and fall.

Grade 2: During the second year of their studies, students will be given the opportunity to explore the historical era of the Middle Ages. The course contains topics such as the Norman conquest of England, the establishment of Feudalism as a form of government, the crusades and a brief history of Medieval Cyprus. Moreover, students will learn about the broad themes of the Middle Ages like the social, economic, political, religious and gender developments during the centuries comprising the historical era so as to form a solid understanding of the context to act as a stepping-stone towards progressing into the third form syllabus.

Grade 3: In Grade 3, students will engage in a depth study of the French Revolution and the First World War. The course contains topics such as the causes of the French Revolution, the course of the revolution, the creation of the French Republic, the reign of terror, the impact of Napoleon, the legacy of the revolutionary ideas, the causes of the First World War and trench warfare. The course aspires in introducing learners to the significant socio-political developments initiated by these two historical events so as to create a good understanding of the forces that shaped what we came to identify as the ‘Modern Era’ like nationalism, liberalism and imperialism and contribute to the students understanding of creation of the modern nation-states.

Grades 4 & 5 (elective): The course follows the IGCSE examination as set by Edexcel. In Grade 4 students are required to follow depth studies on two selected options: Germany, development of a dictatorship, 1918-45 and a world divided, superpower relations, 1943-72. In Grade 5, students learn about the History of Russia and the Soviet Union, 1905-24 which is based on historical interpretation and the History of the Middle East: conflict, crisis and change, 1917-2012 which is a breath study in change.

Grades 6 & 7 (elective): The course follows the Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in History which consists of three externally-examined papers and coursework. In the first year, students study the History of Germany and West Germany, 1918-1989 and the Rise and Fall of Fascism in Italy, 1911-1946. In the second year, students follow Option 34.2: Poverty, Public Health and the State in Britain, 1780-1939 which explores ways in which the British State gradually became involved in taking responsibility for people’s health and welfare. Students are also required to pursue their independent researched assignment on historical controversies.


Grades 6 & 7 (elective): The GCE Government and Politics A level is divided into three units. Unit 1 introduces students to the key channels of communication between government and the people. It encourages them to evaluate the adequacy of existing arrangements for ensuring representative democracy and participation. Unit 2 introduces students to the major governmental processes within the UK. It encourages them to develop a critical understanding of the role and effectiveness of key institutions, and of the relationship amongst them in the context of multi-level governance. Students will also learn various political ideologies. Finally, Unit 3 introduces students to key themes in political analysis. They will study representative processes in the USA.